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Updated: 1 hour 11 min ago

Legal Research Reports: National Parliaments

Tue, 12/18/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present an expansion of the report, National Parlaiaments

These reports describe national parliaments in a variety of jurisdictions. They trace the establishment of the current national parliamentary systems and locations of these Parliaments. They also discuss the elections of each Parliament's members, the members' terms of office, and the legislative process by which bills are introduced and passed into law. The 2016 report covers 11 jurisdictions, the 2017 report adds India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Pakistan; and the 2018 report adds six more reports including the European Parliament and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Sports Betting and Integrity Agreements

Tue, 12/11/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Sports Betting and Integrity Agreements.

This report provides information on the law on sports betting and integrity agreements in Australia and Great Britain. Australia’s Interactive Gambling Act 2001 allows for the provision of online and telephone sports betting services to customers in Australia. Each state and territory has its own legislation that regulates sports betting. Gambling in Great Britain is permitted and regulated by the Gambling Act 2005. Internet gambling operations fall within the purview of the Act if one piece of equipment related to online gambling is located within Great Britain.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Legal Restrictions on Religious Slaughter in Europe

Thu, 12/06/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Legal Restrictions on Religious Slaughter in Europe

This report includes surveys of the laws of twenty-one European jurisdictions concerning the legality of religious slaughter.  All European countries that do not allow kosher or halal slaughter of animals are included; some but not all countries that permit such slaughter subject to regulation are also included.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Regulation of Cryptocurrency

Tue, 12/04/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Regulation of Cryptocurrency. Two reports are included: a world survey and more comprehensive summaries of selected jurisdictions.

This report surveys the legal and policy landscape surrounding cryptocurrencies around the world,  covering 130 countries as well as some regional organizations that have issued laws or policies on the subject. The past four years have seen cryptocurrencies become ubiquitous, prompting more national and regional authorities to grapple with their regulation. The expansive growth of cryptocurrencies makes it possible to identify emerging patterns.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Digital Legal Deposit

Thu, 11/29/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Digital Legal Deposit

This report surveys laws regulating the mandatory legal deposit of electronic materials. 15 countries representing different approaches to collecting, describing, preserving, and storing digital and non-print documents and providing access to them are included in the study. Each country survey provides information on the history of e-deposit programs in the country, identifies the national institutions charged with collecting and preserving electronic materials, analyzes the legal framework for depositing digital materials, lists the requirements applicable to publishers of such material, and describes the measures taken to bring e-deposit programs in line with the restrictions established by national copyright laws.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Mandatory Deposit Law

Tue, 11/27/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Mandatory Deposit Law

This report contains data on 131 countries, indicating whether or not published books are subject to a mandatory deposit requirement at the national level and, if so, how many copies are required, where they must be deposited, and whether the deposit is part of the copyright system.  Citations to the controlling legislation for mandatory deposits are provided.  In all but 13 of the jurisdictions surveyed, deposits are required.  For some of these thirteen jurisdictions, deposits are voluntary, while in others, no information regarding deposit practices could be found.  Asterisks in the copyright system column indicate that the deposit requirement is contained in the copyright law.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Provisions on Child Asylum Seekers

Tue, 11/20/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Provisions on Child Asylum Seekers

This report surveys the laws of eight democratic foreign jurisdictions with respect to whether there are special laws concerning children asylum-seekers, particularly unaccompanied children.  As discussed more fully in the jurisdictional surveys, all of the jurisdictions covered in this report have provisions treating asylum-seeking minors differently from asylum-seeking adults.  Covered jurisdictions include the countries of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, as well as the European Union (EU).

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Online Privacy Law

Thu, 11/15/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Online Privacy Law.

These reports describe the data protection laws of the European Union and of, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. They describe the legal framework for the collection, use, and transfer of data, and examine whether existing laws are adequate to deal with online privacy in an era of rapid technological development and globalization.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Laws on Erasure of Online Information

Tue, 11/13/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Laws on Erasure of Online Information.

This report describes the laws of twelve jurisdictions that have some form of remedy available enabling the removal of online data based on harm to individuals’ privacy or reputational interests, including but not limited to defamation. Six of the countries surveyed are within the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area, and therefore have implemented EU law. Five non-EU jurisdictions are also surveyed. A comparative summary is included.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Regulation of Air Pollution

Thu, 11/08/2018 - 21:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Regulation of Air Pollution.

This report includes surveys of 11 jurisdictions. The country surveys cover each jurisdiction’s regulation of both stationary and mobile sources of air pollution, and of pollutants including sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, ozone, particulate matter, and hazardous air pollutants.  Fuel quality standards, renewable fuel requirements, and vehicle emissions standards are covered, as are strategies for meeting international requirements to address climate change.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Immunity from Prosecution for Former Presidents

Thu, 11/01/2018 - 20:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Immunity from Prosecution for Former Presidents.

This chart reports on 32 jurisdictions with constitutional or statutory provisions addressing immunity of current and former presidents. Where a provision was located specifying whether presidents continue to have immunity after they leave office, such provision is noted. The chart also includes each country’s Freedom House aggregate score, a scale that comparatively assesses political rights and civil liberties in each country.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Government Services Feedback Practices

Tue, 10/30/2018 - 20:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Government Services Feedback Practices.

This report surveys laws and practices regarding feedback on customer satisfaction from users of government services. The jurisdictions selected provide an array of representative approaches to obtaining feedback regarding user satisfaction. Some countries have enacted laws requiring agencies to obtain information on customer satisfaction and incorporate such data into quality improvement efforts. Many of the countries reviewed here have established programs for evaluating customer satisfaction of public services. Some countries have provided for large-scale, centralize surveying of customer satisfaction.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Fees Charged for Asylum Applications by States Parties to the 1951 Refugee Convention

Tue, 10/23/2018 - 20:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Fees Charged for Asylum Applications by States Parties to the 1951 Refugee Convention.

This report surveys laws related to asylum granting procedures in 147 countries that are States Parties to the 1951 U.N. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and/or its 1967 Protocol. It identifies fees charged to applicants in connection with an application for asylum. According to the research findings, the vast majority of countries do not charge a fee for applying for asylum. In some instances, implementing legislation was located but no information regarding fees was found; for these countries the chart indicates “no fee located.”

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Egypt: Access to the Justice System and to Legal Aid

Tue, 10/16/2018 - 20:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Egypt: Access to the Justice System and to Legal Aid.

In Egypt, free access to the justice system and legal aid are constitutional rights. This concept can be found in various legislative instruments across the legislative spectrum, including the Criminal Procedures Code, Family Law, Child (Juvenile) Law, Human Trafficking Law, and Advocacy Law. The Supreme Court of Egypt, the Court of Cassation, affirmed this principle in its ruling.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

Legal Research Reports: Laws Concerning Children of Undocumented Migrants

Tue, 10/09/2018 - 20:30

The Law Library of Congress is proud to present the report, Laws Concerning Children of Undocumented Migrants

This report surveys the laws related to the treatment of undocumented migrants who arrived as minors, their eligibility for obtaining legal status and access to social benefits, and their possibilities for becoming citizens. Additionally, all country surveys provide a general overview of national migration legislation, and past amnesty programs are reviewed to illustrate national efforts in resolving problems involving the legalization of undocumented youth. A comparative summary and map is included.

This report is one of many prepared by the Law Library of Congress. Visit the Comprehensive Index of Legal Reports page for a complete listing of reports and the Current Legal Topics page for our highlighted and newer reports. 

DIDUKUNG OLEH